Do you need to authenticate a signature to open a bank account? You need to get a certified photocopy of your passport for your RNE? You want to declare your marriage with your spouse in Brazil? Here’s the information you need to know about Brazilian cartórios.
Brazilian cartórios, what are they exactly ?
It’s a Brazilian administrative establishment that takes documents and makes them fé publica. Fé publica is a Brazilian legal term that means, “power to authenticate”. Your documents are simply certified and can be used whenever an organization asks you for your documentation. In other words, cartórios are just notaries.
The cartório does several different things divided into 4 main categories :
Registro civil : to get a marriage, birth or death certificate
Registro de imovéis : literally to register for disability benefits
Tabelionato de notas : to certify official papers (photocopies of passports, visas, identity cards…) or unofficial (proof of address, affidavits…)
Protesto de títulos : to deal with problems related to missed payments or outstanding credits.
Pay attention because these different things are done in different cartórios, so you need to check that you are going to the right one. You can’t, for example, register your marriage in any cartório.
Why use a cartório ?
You will need to make use of them regularly, since in Brazil a simple photocopy won’t be good enough. That’s the case for :
Your RNE, when you will need certified photocopies of every page of your passport
To open a bank account, when you will need certified copies of your passport and a certified proof of address
To register your marriage, part of the documents need to be obtained in a registro civilcartório.
You to be able to travel anywhere with just an authenticated photocopy of your passport
There exists more than 13 000 cartórios in all of Brazil and you can find the one closest to you on any map. To finish, the price is 2.60 reais for one simple certified photocopy. The cost can increase quickly when you need to certify every page of your passport…
Once you have a certified copy of your passport, you can travel around without worrying about losing the original.